What is Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement?

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 What is Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement?

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a type of minimally invasive medical procedure related to the heart. It helps to replace a thickened aortic valve. The aortic valve is located between the left lower heart chamber and the body’s main artery. If the valve doesn’t open correctly, the blood flow from the heart to the body is reduced. TAVR can help restore blood flow. Also, it helps to reduce the signs and symptoms of aortic valve stenosis, such as chest pain and shortness of breath.

TAVR procedure may be an option for people who are at risk of complications from surgical aortic valve replacement. It is efficiently performed at the heart specialist hospital in Hyderabad.

Learn about What is Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a treatment for aortic valve stenosis, which occurs when the heart’s aortic valve thickens and becomes stiff. It is an alternative to open-heart aortic valve replacement surgery. People who undergo TAVR have a shorter hospital stay than those who have surgical aortic valve replacement.

Your doctor may recommend TAVR Surgery if you have a biological tissue aortic valve that isn’t working well or a Lung or kidney disease that makes open-heart valve replacement surgery too risky.

All surgeries and medical procedures come with some type of risks. Potential TAVR procedure risks of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may include Bleeding, Blood vessel complications, Problems with the replacement valve, and Stroke.

TAVR Procedure

TAVR Procedure

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a medical procedure that involves replacing a damaged aortic valve with one made from a biological tissue valve, which is placed into an existing biological tissue valve that is no longer working. Unlike surgical aortic valve replacement, TAVR is done using smaller incisions and a thin, flexible tube (catheter) to reach the heart.

To perform TAVR, a doctor usually inserts a catheter into a blood vessel and guides it into the heart. Moving X-ray images helps the doctor place the catheter into the correct position and avoids TAVR procedure complications. Furthermore, a replacement valve is passed through the hollow catheter and placed in the aortic valve area. A balloon placed on the catheter tip inflates during the procedure to press the new valve into place. Some valves might even get enlarged without the use of a balloon.

The doctor carefully removes the catheter when the new valve is securely in place. During the TAVR surgery procedure, the medical treatment team will carefully monitor your vital signs, including blood pressure, heart rate and rhythm, and breathing.
After the procedure, you may spend the night in the intensive care unit (ICU) for monitoring. Your stay in the hospital after TAVR depends on many things. Some people who have TAVR go home the next day. Before you leave the hospital, the doctor will explain how to care for any incisions and how to look after the signs and symptoms of infection. Some of the warning signs of infection after the procedure include fever, swelling, draining or oozing at the catheter site.

Several medications may be prescribed after TAVR, including:

Blood thinners: It is recommended to prevent blood clots. Your doctor will explain how long you may need to take blood thinners. You must always take medications as prescribed.

Antibiotics: Artificial heart valves can become infected with bacteria that cause heart valve infections coming from the bacteria in the mouth. Excellent dental hygiene can help prevent these infections. Some of the antibiotics are prescribed for use before certain dental procedures.

Regular checkups and imaging tests are needed after TAVR. This helps to make sure the new valve is working properly. You must talk to your doctor if you have any new signs or symptoms, including dizziness or light-headedness, swelling of the ankles, sudden weight gain, and extreme tiredness with activity. And, you must rush immediately to the doctor if you experience chest pain, sudden shortness of breath or fainting.

To help prevent further heart problems after TAVR as Post TAVR care, you must avoid smoking, eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and veggies, get regular exercise and maintain a healthy weight.

Diet after TAVR Surgery

Diet for TAVR

If you are thinking about how to improve heart health quickly after TAVR surgery, it is important to understand that you must follow a healthy diet. According to a recent study, emphasizing on healthy foods in your diet may be the key to avoiding heart attack and stroke. Try to eat a healthy Mediterranean-style diet which includes fruits, vegetables, fish and unrefined foods.

You must maintain a healthy heart and regulate your blood pressure to incorporate more whole grains into your diet. Try incorporating more fish into your diet Instead of fatty meats that contain high amounts of fat and cholesterol.

From the above discussion, the conclusion that can be drawn is that TAVR is a significant and complicated procedure. Therefore, it must be performed by experienced doctors only with a record of having performed successful TAVR medical procedures on a large number of patients.

To know more about TAVR, heart medical procedures, and how a pacemaker works, you must reach out to some well-known cardiologists.

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