What are the Most Common Eye Diseases?

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 What are the Most Common Eye Diseases?

A vast number of people suffer from some or the other eye problems at one time or another. While some of them might be minor, there are severe eye diseases too which can be treated at the best eye hospital only by an eye specialist.

Here Mentioned Are Some of the Most Common Eye Diseases and Its Treatment Method:-

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is referred to as the damage to the central portion of retina, known as the macula. It helps us read, view objects in detail, recognize colors and faces and get a detailed image of an object. There are no definite signs and symptoms through the earlier stages of macular degeneration. However, there can be sudden change in the quality of your vision followed by appearance of straight lines as distorted. Some other macular degeneration symptoms which can occur in the later stages include blurriness of central vision, slight vision loss marked by formation of blind spots, etc.

Currently, there is no single cure of completely treating macular degeneration. But, certain medications are helpful in preventing the growth of abnormal blood vessels within the eye. While talking about the tips to improve your eye health against macular degeneration, Photodynamic therapy or laser therapy is also an option in destroying abnormal blood vessels. Besides, dietary supplements full of vitamins and minerals may also be prescribed to counteract vision loss.

Cataract

Cataract is one of the most common eye medical disorders. It is described as the formation of cloudy areas in the eye lens. As we know that the light passes through a clear eye lens to your retina where images are processed. If cataract affects your eye lens, then light cannot pass through to the retina smoothly enough.
Generally, the formation of cataracts is a slow process, lacking typical symptoms like pain, tearing or redness of eyes. Some other symptoms include blurred, clouded or dim vision, frequently changing contact lens prescription or eyeglasses, faded view of colors, etc.

As a treatment for Cataract, through the early stages, new eyeglasses, antiglare sunglasses, magnifying lenses can help. However, surgery involving removal and replacement of cloudy lens with an artificial one turns out to be the most effective treatment.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye condition which results in pressure buildup within the fluid in your eye. This can potentially damage the optic nerve responsible for transmitting images to your brain.

This increased pressure might also lead to permanent vision loss if it continues for a longer period of time. It can also result in permanent blindness in a matter of few years, if left untreated.

Glaucoma is segregated into two basic types such as open-angle glaucoma, an eye condition where the trabecular meshwork looks normal, but the flow of fluid within it is not the way it should be. Other type is angle-closure glaucoma. It affects the drainage of your eyes because the angle between your cornea and iris gets too narrow.

Thus, building up immense pressure in your eye.

Some of the symptoms of Glaucoma are tunnel vision, peripheral vision loss, gradually affecting both eyes in most cases, severe pain in eyes accompanied by nausea. Also, sudden visual disturbance in low light conditions, blurred vision, redness of the eyes, etc. It can be treated by traditional surgery and laser surgery, or even a combination of these methods.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy affects eyes by causing damage to the blood vessels spread throughout the light sensitive tissues of the retina. Anyone suffering from type 1 or type 2 diabetes can develop this eye condition, especially those who have diabetes for a long time with variable blood sugar levels. There are chances that both the eyes get affected by diabetic retinopathy.

Some of the symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy are dark spots or strings floating through your vision, impaired color recognition, blurred vision, and vision loss etc.

As far as treatment for Diabetic retinopathy is concerned, there is no reliable way to cure retinopathy once it has progressed to advanced stages. However, photocoagulation can help in preventing vision loss.

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is a condition that inflames the tissues lining the back of your eyelids and covering your sclera (conjunctiva). It can make your eyes turn itchy, red, and blurry. It is highly contagious but rarely serious. The treatment options for conjunctivitis may vary depending upon the cause of this eye condition. Antihistamines or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are usually prescribed in case of severe allergic conjunctivitis.

 

Summing Up:-

 

Have you ever wondered, are eye diseases genetic? And, do you know what is the rarest eye disease? Well, to know more about eye diseases, you may reach out to the medical professionals dealing with eye related diseases. And, if you are suffering from any of the eye diseases mentioned above, you must visit an eye hospital in your city for appropriate treatment.