Pediatric surgery is a subspecialty that involves the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Common pediatric diseases that may require surgery include:

Congenital Malformations: lymphangioma, cleft lip and palate, esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, intestinal atresia, necrotizing enterocolitis, meconium plugs, Hirschsprung's disease, imperforate anus, undescended testes.

Abdominal Wall Defects: Omphalocele, gastroschisis, hernias.

Chest Wall Deformities: Pectus excavatum.

ChildhoodTumors: It is like neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, ATRT (Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor), liver tumors, teratomas Separation of conjoined twins.

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