Age makes you wiser, but also brings health issues. While your organs weaken with time, it’s your knees that suffer because of the weight they carry around. If you are, or you know somebody who has problems with their knees that can’t be cured by medications alone, one option that’s set to last for a long time is knee replacements.
What are knee replacements?
As you age, the cartilage that cushions the knee joint starts wearing out causing friction in the joint, which is a painful experience. This is called osteoarthritis, and it is most common in people of and over 50. This leads to problems in walking, climbing stairs, and sitting. A knee replacement surgery or a knee arthroplasty can help with severe arthritis pain and can help you walk easier too.
The procedure involves cutting away damaged bone and cartilage and replacing it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.
Types of knee replacements
Total knee arthroplasty or total knee replacement: When all the compartments of the knee are severely damaged, a total knee prosthesis is suggested where the articular surfaces of the knee, the femoral condyles and tibial plateau, are replaced.
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty or partial knee replacement: This procedure is for patients whose disease is limited to just one area of the knee and it involves only a portion of the knee to be resurfaced. A partial knee replacement is done through a smaller incision, hence, patients usually spend less time in the hospital and return to normal activities sooner than total knee replacement patients.
If you are looking at getting a knee replacement done, here are a few FAQs for you that will ensure that your knee replacement is done right the first time itself.
Q: What could be some complications that arise during the surgery?
A: Even though arthroplasty has emerged as a mainstream surgery, there are slim chances of something going wrong here and there. Listed below are a few conditions that you might want to know before getting a surgery done so that you can discuss with your orthopedician and make an informed decision.
Q: Blood clots: Blood clots in the veins are one of the most common complications of knee replacement surgery that can be life-threatening if they shoot up to your lungs.
A: However, when you come to Sri Sri Holistic, you can be rest assured, as we outline a prevention program, which includes periodic elevation of your legs, lower leg exercises for proper blood circulation, support stockings, and medication to thin your blood to avoid this complication.
Q: I am diabetic. Will this affect the results of my surgery?
A: If you are suffering from a chronic illness like diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), high blood cholesterol, stroke, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), it could increase the potential for complications.
We, at Sri Sri Holistic run thorough diagnostic tests before we wheel you into the OT. With all your comorbidities taken into account, we ensure that we are prepared well enough for your surgery to be a successful one.
Q: Are there chances of infections?
A:The wound around the prosthesis or the sutures are prone to catch infection if not given proper postoperative care. It may even occur years later. That’s one of the reasons why we take extreme precaution in maintain surgery protocol, so that the chances of any infection are brought down considerably.
Q: Will there be other injuries as a result of the surgery?
A: The major arteries of the legs are directly behind the knee, there’s a slight risk of these vessels being damaged. A vascular surgeon can usually repair the damaged arteries. Nerve or neurovascular damage is uncommon yet it’s possible for the nerve or blood vessel that’s associated with the muscles to make the foot feel entirely numb. The problem usually disappears after a few months as nerves and tissue heal.
If you are considering this as a potential risk, then you can breathe easy at Sri Sri Holistic. Our orthopaedic surgeons are some of the best in the city, having the required skills and expertise to ensure that nothing goes wrong during your knee replacement.
Q: What are the possibilities of an implant failure?
A: With any joint replacement surgery the risk of improper placement or a malfunction of the implant associated. There is a possibility of the prosthesis loosening from the bone over the long term. Parts of the artificial knee can also wear or break, including the polyethylene components.
In all these cases a follow-up surgery is usually required to fix the problem. This procedure is called a revision surgery.
At Sri Sri, we have patients – operated upon by doctors from other hospitals – who require a revision surgery. We ensure that the damage is reversed, but the best option is to choose the right orthopaedic surgeon to avoid this uncomfortable situation.
Our orthopaedic surgeons understand that a knee replacement is a major procedure that requires a lot of your time, energy and money. Our attempt is to help you regain your movements in the first shot itself, because you certainly shouldn’t be going through the procedure again.
About The Doctor:
Dr. Venkat Ram Prasad Vallamshetla – Orthopedic Surgeon
Dr. Venkat Ram Prasad Vallamshetla is one of the Best Orthopedic Surgeon in Hyderabad. He has done his MBBS, MS Ortho (OSM), MRCS (Edin) and FRCS (Trauma & Orth) from Edinburgh. He has additionally undergone training and has worked in Birmingham for over 12 years with a specialization in Joint Replacement, arthroscopic surgery, sports injuries.
About the Hospital
The Orthopedic Division at Holistic Hospital has some of the most advanced equipment and performs highly specialized surgeries like Total Knee and Total Hip Replacement. Aided by top of the line Operation theatre’s with laminar airflow, this division works in tandem with the highly focused and supportive division of Physiotherapy.
Sri Sri Holistic Hospital is a leading 100 bedded Multi Specialty Hospital in Nizampet, Kukatpally, Hyderabad one of the Best Heart Hospitals in Hyderabad. we provide high standards of healthcare with a combination of Advanced Technology and state of art clinical expertise. With more than 52 Internationally Experienced Doctors and 400 staff, we have served at least 50,000 patients so far.