One of the best and the most reputed Cardiology hospitals in Hyderabad, states that 1 of every 3 people die in India because of a heart attack. Is there a gender parity when it comes to a heart attack? The fact is a cardiovascular disease affects both sexes. But statistics differ in men and women. Let’s find out how it affects men and how it affects women.
Heart Attack Men vs. Women
When it comes to men, a heart attack may begin with a cholesterol-filled plaque rupturing in a coronary artery, which may lead to a blood clot. There is a tendency to experience more non-fatal heart attacks and a plaque does not burst rather it erodes into the vessel wall.
Are Heart Attacks More Common in Males or Females?
Women usually suffer from small vessel disease, this condition causes blockages in the tiny vessels within the heart muscles over large, surface arteries. There are a few symptoms that suggest a women may be suffering from coronary heart diseases such as classic angina or heart-related chest pain.
Postmenopausal women are particularly prone to a sudden and unusual change in the heart muscle shape (Tako), this can also be because of severe emotional stress. This condition may mean symptoms related to chest pain and it can change the heart’s electrical activity and it may make you believe that you are having a heart attack. However, your arteries are plaque-free and women may experience symptoms such as shock, heart rhythm problems, and in some cases even death.
The Basics of a Heart Attack –
Wen do you have a heart attack? When the blood flow suddenly stops providing oxygen to the heart or cuts off the oxygen to the heart muscles. What are the things that you should take care of to prevent heart attacks?
- Smoking –
Do you smoke? Then it may increase your risk factor of getting a heart attack.
- Physical activity –
Increase your physical activity, including at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day to keep heart attacks at bay.
- Healthy diet –
You are what you eat, so eat more fresh veggies and vegetables and whole grains and reduce your intake of saturated fat.
- Bodyweight –
Are you overweight? Then it is time to reduce your body weight as excess body weight can increase your chances of a heart attack.
- Control of cholesterol –
Are your lipid levels in the normal range? Get your levels tested and control the levels with diet, exercise, and the right medications.
- Blood pressure –
If you are suffering from blood pressure, then keep it under control with the right lifestyle changes.
- Blood sugar –
It is very important to keep your blood sugar levels in control, as diabetes is intrinsically linked to heart disease.
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
Men and women both may suffer from a heart attack but they have distinguishable symptoms. Here are some of the symptoms that men and women suffer from.
General Symptoms of Heart Attack Seen in Men and Women
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention asks you to be wary of the symptoms listed below and act on it to prevent health complications,
- Experiencing pain in the upper body region such as jaw, neck, or back
- A sudden feeling of light-headedness
- Experiencing chest pains
- Experiencing Pain in arms or shoulders
- Shortness of breath
These symptoms affect both men and women. Some symptoms specifically affect men and a few symptoms affect only women. Know the differences here.
How Do Women’s Symptoms of Heart Attack Differ from Men’s?
Men can experience heart attacks at an earlier age in life. The hardest part of diagnosing heart disease is most men do not experience any symptoms in the initial phase. Would you believe it most men who die of heart attacks have no symptoms at all? Statistics say more men get affected by heart attacks than women, men experience at least 70% and 89% of sudden heart attacks.
Sometimes, women who suffer from heart attacks experience no chest pressure at all. However, they experience some common symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, which many women confuse with acid reflux or even flu. There is a greater risk of heart attacks for women after menopause.
Heart attack can affect you anytime, however, assessing the risk factors and identifying the symptoms can save your life. Incorporating the right lifestyle changes can prevent the onset of a massive heart attack.
Top Tactics that Can Help Protect Against Heart Disease
Regular, effective, and consistent efforts can go a long way in enhancing your health and decrease the chances of getting heart disease.
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Avoid smoking and drinking
- Exercise daily without fail
- Eating a healthy diet, reduce the intake of sodium and saturated fats
- Go for regular health screenings
Heart disease is the number 1 killer across the globe. Although the statistics are frightening, you can reduce your chances of developing heart disease. Just follow the dietary and exercise guidelines and go for regular check-ups to the best Cardiologist in Hyderabad to prevent the disease.