Difference Between Type 1 and 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes is a type of chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces. According to the doctors from some of the best Diabetes hospital both Type 1 and 2 diabetes affect the way your body regulates blood sugar or glucose which can be described as the fuel that feeds your body’s cells. However, to enter your cells it needs a key which is the insulin. And, people with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin. While people with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin in the way they should. Both diabetes types can lead to chronically high blood sugar levels which increases the risk of diabetes complications.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this type, the immune system attacks the pancreatic beta cells which produce insulin. The immune system destroys these cells. This means that the body can no longer make enough insulin to regulate blood glucose levels. A person suffering with type 1 diabetes will need to use supplemental insulin from the time they receive the diagnosis and for the rest of their life.
Type 1 diabetes is a disease most common in children and young adults. Some of its risk factors include a family history of diabetes, medical conditions such as cystic fibrosis or hemochromatosis, exposure to some infections or viruses.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this type the body’s cells start to resist the effects of insulin and the body stops producing enough insulin. This means the glucose cannot enter the cells and it builds up in the blood. This is known as the insulin resistance which can happen when the person has high blood glucose.
A person with type 2 diabetes does not need supplemental insulin in the early stages. However, as the disease progresses, it becomes essential to manage blood glucose levels to stay healthy. There are certain yoga asanas for diabetes which helps to deal with diabetes.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include having a family member with type 2 diabetes, obesity, smoking, consuming an unhealthy diet, and a lack of exercise. Also, the use of some medications, including some anti-seizure drugs.
Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
The type 1 diabetes appear when blood sugar gets too high which can cause rapid breathing, dry skin, fruity breath, and nausea. Its common symptoms include thirst, hunger, fatigue, and frequent urination. Also, weight loss, tingling or numbness in the feet, and blurred vision. The initial symptoms of type 2 diabetes may not show up for many years, however, the disease can affect a person’s body without them realizing it. A few of its symptoms include infections, fatigue, frequent urination, thirst, hunger, blurred vision. One may also experience erectile dysfunction, and pain or numbness in the hands or feet. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes don’t start as suddenly as symptoms of type 1 diabetes.
Which Type of Diabetes is Genetic?
None of the type of diabetes is genetic per se. But, it is possible that your DNA may influence your risk of developing it. So, you may wonder if there is a genetic cause to the disease. The answer to this question is complex, depending on the type of diabetes and other factors such as diet, lifestyle, and environment. In the case of most people who have diabetes, it is not particularly due to a genetic group of factors or to environmental ones, but rather it is a combination of both.
Treatment – Type 1 and 2 Diabetes
People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin quite a few times a day. There are different ways to take insulin, such as through multiple daily injections or through a pump. Inhaled insulin is also available. Although it is for use around meal-times only. The timing of an insulin shot is significant. A doctor will work out a schedule with a patient who has diabetes to best manage their glucose levels.
Generally, medications are the first kind of treatment for people with type 2 diabetes. For instance, Biguanides is one of the most commonly used drugs to treat diabetes. It makes your liver to hang on to some of the glucose it makes. While DPP-4 inhibitors keeps your body from breaking down hormones. It gives your pancreas the “go” signal for insulin. This works well when you need to reduce your blood sugar after a meal.
Dopamine can increase your sensitivity to insulin so your body doesn’t need as much of it. Patients who opt to take dopamine receptor agonists need to implement some lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet and exercise for the medication to be more effective.
In the above article there is an overview regarding the Type 1 and 2 diabetes. For more detailed information, you must consult a suitable doctor.