Dengue Fever – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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 Dengue Fever – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease. It is known to be caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. These viruses are associated with the viruses that cause other types of illness such as West Nile infection and Yellow fever. This type of fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. For effective treatment of dengue fever, you must visit some of the best hospitals in Hyderabad.

7 Warning Signs of Dengue Fever /Dengue Fever Symptoms

Dengue Fever symptoms

Dengue Symptoms usually begin four to six days after infection. And, it can last for up to 10 days. Some of the major symptoms include:-

  • Severe headaches
  • Excessive pain behind the eyes
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Feeling of fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash

Many times these symptoms may be mild. And, it can be mistaken for those of the flu or another viral infection. People who have never had the infection before tend to have milder cases; however, serious problems can develop. Some of these problems include dengue hemorrhagic fever which is a rare complication characterized by high fever and bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system, etc.

The symptoms of Dengue may progress to massive bleeding and death. This is often called Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). People with weakened immune systems and those with subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Dengue Fever Causes

As mentioned above, Dengue fever develops after a bite from a mosquito. The mosquito acquires the virus by biting an infected person. And, transmit it to another person. This type of fever does not spread directly from person to person. The transfer of Dengue causing virus from a person infected with Dengue fever to a healthy one through is a major cause of Dengue. When a mosquito bites an infected person, the virus enters the mosquito through the bloodstream. Thereafter, it is released into the host when the same mosquito bites another person.

Although there are certain preventive vaccines available for Dengue, a person suffering from Dengue generally becomes immune to that strain of serotype. But, in case a person is infected with Dengue for the second time, they are generally more prone to being infected with DSS or DHF.

Dengue is known to commonly spread in human-inhabited areas. And, these disease-causing vectors rapidly breed in stagnant waters. For example, open drains, water-filled disposed tyres, open tanks, and other stagnant water sources.

Types of Dengue Fever

Types of Dengue Fever

According to the reports, nearly 40% of the population of the countries where Dengue is endemic is susceptible to Dengue. If the diagnosis is made in the early stages then the chances of early recovery is high. Depending on the severity and the symptoms observed in the host, Dengue is classified into:-

Here mentioned are the Types of Dengue

  • Mild Dengue Fever: According to the doctors, it takes about 1 week for the symptoms of Mild Dengue Fever to appear on the infected person. These symptoms may include muscle aches and joint pains. Also, vomiting, high fever, and headaches depending on the severity of the condition. For dengue medicine, you must consult a suitable doctor.
  • Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever: It is a serious condition or form of Dengue. If it is left untreated or when improper medication is taken, this form of Dengue can be fatal. The symptoms of DHF are often seen during or after recovery from mild dengue fever. Usually, DHF occurs when blood transfusion occurs through a mosquito from an infected person. Some of its symptoms are internal bleeding, sudden fever, and cold chills. Also, bleeding and bruising under the skin, nose bleeds, restlessness, and a significant decrease in blood pressure.
  • Dengue Shock Syndrome: It is generally the extreme condition that patients experiencing DHF transition into. In this stage, the patient experiences a sudden onset of shock and high fever. And, he is prone to sudden collapse due to a significant drop in blood pressure. In this type of Dengue fever, the patient showcases extreme headache, sore throat, and respiratory irregularities.Dengue Shock Syndrome disease is majorly seen in children under 10 years of age. Its mortality rate is currently between 6-30% and it is a severe form of Dengue where the symptoms include presence of blood in stool and vomit, weak pulse, and spitting up blood.

What are the Complications of Dengue Virus?

There can be some of the major complications of dengue virus such as Cardiomyopathy, Seizures, Encephalopathy, and Viral Encephalitis. Also, Hepatic injury, Depression, Pneumonia, and a few others.

Dengue Fever Treatment/ Dengue Treatment

If your doctor diagnoses that you have a mild case of dengue fever, you will be recommended to take complete rest. They will also ask you to take pain relievers such as acetaminophen and drink a lot of fluids. In case, if you have more serious symptoms, such as vomiting or strong pain in the abdomen, you should seek medical care.

Dengue Diagnosis

Dengue infection can be diagnosed with a dengue blood test. This will help to check for the dengue platelet count. If you become diseased after traveling to a tropical area, you must inform your doctor. This will enable your doctor to evaluate the possibility that your symptoms were caused possibly by a dengue infection.

Dengue Serology

As per the doctors, Dengue virus and neutralizing antibodies typically develop towards the end of the first week of illness. If IgM levels are variable. But, generally it is positive starting 4-5 days after onset of symptoms. And, continues for approximately 12 weeks post symptom onset. It may even persist for longer.

Prevention of Dengue

You can prevent dengue by following few crucial steps such as:-

If you travel to an area that has dengue fever, you can avoid mosquito bites by doing the following:

  • You must use mosquito repellents that contain 20-30% DEET.
  • You must wear long clothing outdoors, especially at night. Since, during the night, the mosquitoes are more likely to be active.
  • You must remove standing water and fill low spots where water can pool.

If you have symptoms of dengue, you must seek immediate medical help and go for a dengue test at a nearby hospital.

For proper suggestions on dengue cure, consult a medical professional.

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