Common Mental Health Disorders: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

Common Mental Health Disorders: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

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Common Mental Health Disorders: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

Mental disorders, often known as mental illnesses, refer to a broad spectrum of mental health issues characterized by mood, thinking, and behavior disturbances. Depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders, and addictive behaviors are all examples of mental illnesses.

Mental health is essential to overall well-being, yet mental health disorders are often stigmatized and misunderstood. Many people experience mental health problems sometimes. However, when recurring indications and symptoms create regular stress and impair your ability to function, a mental health condition becomes a mental disease.

A mental disorder can make you unhappy and cause difficulties in your daily life, such as at school, work, or in relationships. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for these conditions is crucial in addressing the needs of those affected and promoting mental health. However, many individuals can lead fulfilling, productive lives with proper diagnosis and treatment.

What Is Mental Disorder?

Mental illness is a medical disorder characterized by “changes in emotion, thinking, or behavior—or a mix of these.” If left untreated, mental diseases can significantly influence daily life, including your ability to work, care for your family, and relate and interact with others. Unfortunately, 1 in every 8 people lives with a mental disorder. Therefore, proper assistance and therapy play a significant impact in the cure.

Different Types of Mental Order

There are around 200 different mental health disorder types. The following are some of the most common types of mental health disorders list:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Depression, bipolar disorder, and other mood swings
  • Disruptive behavior disorders, such as conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder.
  • Eating disorders, such as bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and binge eating disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Personality disorders (PD), including borderline personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
  • Substance use disorders, including drug addiction and alcohol use disorder.

Symptoms And Signs

A variety of mental health disorder symptoms are as follows:

  • Recreational drug or alcohol use.
  • Avoiding socializing
  • Difficulty comprehending reality, which may include delusions or hallucinations.
  • Excessive tension or fear.
  • fatigue or sleep problems.
  • Sadness or feelings of solitude.
  • Inability to gauge or interpret the feelings or emotions of others.
  • Irritation or anger at a high level.
  • Obsession with your appearance, weight, or eating habits.
  • Problems concentrating, learning, or performing daily tasks.
  • Suddenly Mood shifts from lows to highs.
  • Suicide attempts or self-harm.


A single factor does not cause a mental disorder. Instead, they are assumed to result from various causes (sometimes in combination). Some of the elements that may influence whether or not someone develops a mental health disorder causes are as follows:

  • Biology: Brain chemistry is essential in mental diseases. Neurotransmitter changes and imbalances, the chemical messengers in the brain, are frequently related to mental illnesses.
  • Environmental exposures: Children exposed to certain toxins in utero may be more likely to develop a mental disorder. You may be at greater risk if your mother drank alcohol, took drugs, or was exposed to dangerous chemicals or pollutants while pregnant with you. This is also known as childhood mental health disorders.
  • Genetics: Experts have long recognized that many mental diseases run in families, implying a genetic component. People with a relative with a mental illness, such as autism, bipolar disorder, significant depression, or schizophrenia, may be more likely to get it themselves.
  • Life experiences: The stressful events in your life may have contributed to the development of mental disease. For example, experiencing traumatic events may result in PTSD, but recurrent changes in primary carers as a kid may impact the development of an attachment disorder.


Getting treatment from a doctor specializing in behavioral health illnesses is critical. To get the correct treatment, you need an accurate diagnosis.

To assess your mental health, a doctor will carefully study your symptoms. Inform your healthcare practitioner of the following:

  • If you have any triggers that make your mental health worse.
  • If your mental health issues are chronic (ongoing) or intermittent.
  • When you first become aware of changes in your mental health.

There are no medical tests available for mental health disorder diagnosis. However, your doctor may order testing, such as blood tests or imaging exams, to rule out other disorders that can impact your mental health.


Mental health disorder treatments may include:

  • Medication: Some mental diseases, such as depression and schizophrenia, respond effectively to medication. These medications alter the molecules in your brain, causing fewer symptoms. It is critical to take the medication exactly as directed by your doctor. Never stop taking medicine for a mental disorder without first visiting your doctor.
  • Psychotherapy: Talking to a mental health specialist can help you work through the difficulties of illness and manage its symptoms. Psychotherapy can take place one-on-one with a healthcare therapist or in a group environment. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy. Its primary goal is to assist you in changing bad behaviors and cognitive patterns.
  • Alternative therapies: Alternative therapies may help some mental diseases, such as depression. Examples include herbal medicines, massage, acupuncture, yoga, and meditation. Before using any herbal cures or supplements, consult with your doctor. They may have an impact on other drugs.
  • Brain stimulation therapies: Medication does not always help with all illnesses. If this is the case, your doctor may suggest brain stimulation methods. These medicines alter how your brain’s nerves and other cells process chemicals and respond to stimuli. Electroconvulsive treatment and transcranial magnetic stimulation are two examples.

Final Words

Mental health disorders are common and can significantly impact a person’s daily life. However, with proper diagnosis and treatment, many individuals can effectively manage their symptoms and lead fulfilling, productive lives. It is essential to understand the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for common mental health disorders so that those affected can receive the support they need. By addressing the needs of those with mental health disorders, we can work towards reducing the stigma surrounding mental health and promoting overall well-being.


1. What is mental health, and why is it so important?

Behavioral health (also known as mental health) refers to a person’s psychological, emotional, and social well-being. It influences how you think, feel, conduct, and interact with others. How you deal with stress is also influenced by your mental state. It is an essential element of your life from infancy to adulthood.

2. Who is affected by mental disorders?

A behavioral health condition can affect anyone of any age, gender, background, or race. For example, people assigned female at birth (DFAB) are more likely to suffer from sadness, anxiety, and eating problems. People born male are more likely to develop substance misuse and antisocial personality disorders. Adolescents are more likely to have behavioral issues and ADHD.

3. What is the prognosis (outlook) for those suffering from a behavioral health disorder?

Most people with behavioral health disorders can control their symptoms. With the correct therapies, they can live full, rewarding lives. However, some people must live with a mental disease for the remainder of their lives. Others discover that their symptoms improve as they age. Overall, mental disorders peak in young adults aged 18 to 25, then decline dramatically around 50. Severe mental health disorders can also put you at risk for specific health problems like stroke, Type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

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