Angioplasty: Types, Procedure, Risks, and Recovery

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 Angioplasty: Types, Procedure, Risks, and Recovery

Angioplasty is a type of medical treatment performed for coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart attacks (acute coronary syndrome). During a standard angioplasty in the best cardiology hospital in Hyderabad, the doctor makes an incision in the groin or wrist and inserts a tube, or catheter, into an artery. Some of the major benefits of angioplasty include lower risk and a reduced cost than a surgical procedure, lesser wound and your provider can put in a angioplasty stent.

Different Types Of Angioplasty

Angioplasty is a standard and minimally invasive procedure. It is used by the doctors to unblock clogged arteries. And, improve blood flow in the heart. Medical professionals frequently recommend angioplasty to treat acute heart problems. It is generally a safe procedure. Although arteries can become blocked again. However, there is a small risk of significant complications in some cases.

There Are Two Main Types Of Angioplasty

1.Balloon Angioplasty

This type of angioplasty involves the utility of pressure of an inflating balloon to clear plaque that is blocking an artery. This is rarely done alone. Possibly only in the cases when doctors are unable to place a stent in the required position.

2.Stent Placement In The Artery

This procedure of angioplasty involves a tube, or stent, made out of wire mesh. It helps to prevent an artery narrowing again after angioplasty. Stents made of bare metal are called drug eluting stents and are less likely to plug up again. It is used almost exclusively with very little use of bare metal stents.

Preparation For Angioplasty

Preparation For Angioplasty

Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure. But, people must follow their doctor’s instructions carefully beforehand. It is crucial to inform the doctor about any medications and supplements they are taking. In some cases, they may need to stop taking these drugs, especially blood thinners, before the procedure is performed by the best cardiologist in Hyderabad Telangana.

The patient may need to avoid consumption of food or drinks for several hours before the angioplasty procedure. This is because the doctors will need to sedate them. Kidney tests may be needed beforehand. This is important because the contrast dye that the surgeons use can affect kidney function.

What Happens Before Angioplasty?

Before the angioplasty procedure steps begin, a healthcare professional will clean and numb the area properly. This is where the catheter enters the body, usually the groin but sometimes the wrist. Thereafter, a doctor inserts the catheter into the artery and directs it towards the coronary artery, watching its progress on an X-ray feed.

After the catheter is in position, the surgeon injects a contrast dye through the artery. This helps identify blockages around the heart.  When the doctor locates the blockages, the doctor inserts a second catheter and a guidewire. It is usually with a balloon at the tip. The doctor inflates the balloon when the second catheter is in position. This pushes the plaque buildup away and opens up the artery. The surgeon may insert a stent. This helps to keep the artery propped open.

You will be asked to stop drinking or eating for a few hours before your angioplasty procedure. You can plan on your angioplasty procedure depending on your situation.

What Happens During Angioplasty?

Angioplasty

During the angioplasty procedure, the doctor puts a catheter or tube through your skin and into a blood vessel in your wrist or groin. The doctor will use medicine to keep you from feeling the tube go into your body.

With X-rays to help find the way, a heart expert of the best hospital for heart surgery in Hyderabad moves the catheter (tube) through your blood vessels to get to your blocked or narrowed coronary artery. You might feel warm briefly. This is when they release a dye through the catheter to make it easier to see your blood vessels.

Your doctor will insert a wire and another catheter. The one that has a very small balloon at the end of it is used. The inflated balloon moves the plaque out of the way and off to the side of the artery wall. This makes the way for blood to get through.

Our narrow coronary artery is like a crowded subway car and the catheter balloon is like a football team that would force everyone to the side of the subway car. This would enable to get through the aisle. Your healthcare provider will usually then put in a stent. This is a small hollow scaffold made of metal.

The stent expands and locks into position after it’s put in your artery. It stays inside your artery long after the angioplasty is done. Many stents have a drug coating. This coating helps prevent your artery from getting too narrow again.

If you have peripheral artery disease, your doctor may use a balloon that transfers its medicine coating to the artery wall.

You may feel some uneasiness when your provider inflates the balloon. However, it goes away when they deflate it. The doctor deflates the balloon after it has done its job. The balloon can be inflated in the same spot or in another blocked artery in your body. The doctor can compare how well your blood flowed before and after your angioplasty to see how well it worked.

What Happens After Angioplasty?

Your healthcare provider will take out the catheters. He will use a bandage to cover the place where the catheters went into your skin. You might possibly have a bruise later on.

What Are The Risks Or Complications Of Angioplasty?

You may not have serious complications after an angioplasty. But, just like every other invasive procedure, this one also involves some occasional risks. You may need an emergency coronary artery bypass graft during or soon after an angioplasty surgery. The cases of complications usually happen in around one in 100 procedures.

Some Of The Other Angioplasty Risks Include:

  • A reaction to the dye
  • Heart attack and abnormal heart rhythm
  • Stroke, Blood vessel or kidney damage
  • Blood clots and chest pain
  • Bleeding and a repeat blockage

The risk of angioplasty complications is usually higher for older adults. It is also common in people who have several blocked arteries, kidney disease or heart failure. However, there is hardly any angioplasty risks of death.

Angioplasty Recovery

When the procedure of angioplasty is complete, the cardiologist removes the catheters and bandages. Soreness, bruising, and bleeding are common around the area. This is mostly found where catheters enter the body. Usually, the patient will recover in the hospital within a few hours or in some cases overnight before going home. It is suggested that they must not drive as they may still have sedative medications in their system.

The recommended follow-up visit after angioplasty surgery is a key aspect of the treatment. The doctor will review the individual’s recovery. Accordingly, he will adjust medications as they need. Also, develop an ongoing treatment plan for their cardiovascular health.

If you need to undergo angioplasty treatment, you must book an appointment at the best hospital for heart surgery in Hyderabad.

 

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