As you grow older, you tend to suffer from a number of age related conditions. What’s worse is that you are generally unaware of how to respond to whatever you are going through. Many a times, you suffer from multiple conditions and just ignore one while focusing on the other. But when it comes to the eyes, it’s unmissable. When you have a problem with the eye, it meddles with the everyday life of people. One such condition is Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD). You are here, reading this because either you or someone dear to you has been recently diagnosed with it or might be suffering from it. This is a detailed overview of ARMD, continue reading to know more about it.
What is ARMD?
As the name suggests, Age-Related Macular Degeneration is an eye disease that usually affects people over the age of 60. It has the potential to progressively destroy the macula which is the central portion of the retina, impairing central vision.
How does it affect the vision?
It is the leading cause of vision loss among people age 50 and older. It causes damage to the macula, a small spot near the center of the retina and the part of the eye needed for sharp, central vision, which lets us see objects that are straight ahead. You generally read about the cornea, retina, pupil, iris etc. and might be wondering what is this ‘macula’? Let’s see what it is.
Made up of millions of light-sensing cells that provide central vision, the macula is the most sensitive part of the retina located at the back of your eye.
The light is turned into electric signals by the retina, which the optic nerve sends to the brain, where they are translated into the images we see.
How is the vision affected when the macula is damaged?
The center of your field of view may appear blurry or dark if the macula is damaged,.Over time, the blurred area may grow larger or you may develop blank spots in your central vision. For some, the development of the disease is so slow that vision loss does not occur for a long time. In others, the disease develops faster and may lead to a loss of vision in either one or both eyes. ARMD does not cause complete blindness, it only affects the center of your vision.
Does the disease develop in stages?
Yes, the disease grows in three stages, defined by the size and number of drusen under the retina. Drusen are the yellow deposits under the retina, made up of lipids, a fatty protein. Having drusen in the retina can increase your risk of developing ARMD. The three stages of ARMD are,
It is possible that you may not notice any changes in your overall vision if you have late ARMD in one eye only, because the other eye is seeing clearly. However, having it in one eye increases your risk for the other eye.
How is ARMD Treated?
There is no outright cure, yet, for ARMD, but some treatments may delay its progression or even improve vision. Treatments to reduce effects of ARMD depend on which stage it is in. There are no FDA-approved treatments yet for dry ARMD but supplements of zinc together with the antioxidants vitamin C, vitamin E and beta-carotene slow its progression. For wet ARMD, treatments focus on restricting abnormal blood vessel growth include FDA-approved drugs used with Photodynamic Therapy and nutritional intervention that may help prevent its progression. Eyes are one of the most sensitive and important parts of your body, any kind of harm to it can hamper your everyday life. At Sri Sri, our patients’ wellbeing is our primary concern, Hence, we urge you to not neglect your routine check ups so that you don’t have to suffer in the long run.
ABOUT THE HOSPITAL:
Sri Sri Holistic Hospital is a leading 100 bedded Multi Specialty Hospital in Nizampet, Kukatpally, Hyderabad one of the Best Heart Hospitals in Hyderabad. Sri Sri Holistic Hospital provides high standards of healthcare with a combination of Advanced Technology and state of art clinical expertise. With more than 52 Internationally Experienced Doctors and 400+ staff, we served at least 50,000 patients so far.
Tag: Macular degeneration | Macular Degeneration Treatment | Wet ARMD | Wet Macular Degeneration | Macular Degeneration Symptoms | Dry ARMD | Dry Macular Degeneration | Macular Degeneration Causes | Age Related Macular Degeneration | Eye Diseases