Varicose Veins – An Overview

Varicose Veins – An Overview

What medium carries your blood from one organ to the other? Veins and Arteries.

Varicose Veins

Now even though veins and arteries are the chief transporters of blood all over the body, they have one difference which separates them. The difference is their most basic function.

The Arteries carries blood filled with oxygen from the heart to the rest of the body whereas the Veins carries blood which is less in oxygen from the rest of the body to the heart.

What are Varicose Veins?

Have you seen than often, after you stand for a long time, the veins in your legs and feet often become blue?

That blue tinge is due to Varicose Veins. The veins when they become bulged and bluish in colour and run beneath the surface of the skin.

What are Varicose Veins

The veins, due to the increase in the pressure of blood, often become twisted, and most of the time they are surrounded by flooded capillaries due to the increased pressure. The flooded capillaries are called as ‘spider veins’ which are ‘superficial varicose veins’.

Even though the condition of varicose veins are often painful and disfiguring to some extent, they are mainly harmless in nature which is relief if someone witnesses varicose veins symptoms . Once the pressure builds up inside the capillaries and veins, they swell up and inflame making them tender to touch. Along with them feeling tender, they can obstruct the flow of blood eventually swelling up the ankle, causing pain and itchy skin are also varicose vein symptoms.

Apart from having an extensive surface network of veins, your legs also have deep venous network.

Varicose Veins Causes 

Your arteries have a thick layer of muscle or one could call it elastic tissue which helps in circulating the oxygen rich blood from the lungs to all parts of the body.

Now the blood has to go back to the heart as well right? For this backward movement of the blood, the veins depend on the surrounding muscles and a network of one way valves. Once the blood flows through the vein, the valves open alternatively to allow the blood to flow through and also close so that there is no backflow. The valves act like dams.

Varicose Veins Causes

Now what if, these valves are not functioning in the right manner? This particular dysfunction is what causes Varicose Veins. Due to the dysfunction of the veins, the blood forms a pool in the vein and the upward flow from the feet or the leg to the heart is hampered eventually making it difficult for the muscles to get the blood flowing upward.

This situation is just like a road traffic jam. Due to the valves not functioning, the smooth flow of blood is stopped at one valve and all the following blood gets accumulated in one valve gradually increasing the pressure in the vein. The congestion results in the twisting of the vein and the bulging of it. This condition is more common in surface veins rather than the deeper veins as superficial or surface veins have less muscle support.

Varicose Veins Symptoms:

Varicose veins symptoms are easy to identify. Since the veins affected are mainly just near the surface of the underskin, the varicose veins symptoms are seen with the naked eye even though it happens internally.

Some of the varicose veins symptoms are:

  • One of the primary varicose vein symptoms include the appearance of dark purple or blue blood vessels on the calf or the thigh.
  • Another varicose veins symptom is when there is aching, heavy, tender or even sore legs along with swelling is seen in the case of varicose veins.

The next step post identifying the varicose vein symptoms is Varicose Veins Treatment.

Varicose Veins Treatment:

Varicose veins is a condition, where treatment is not always necessary. But varicose veins treatments should be done just as a precautionary measure as such. If the varicose veins get serious, often it causes clots which might get worse if not treated.

Varicose veins treatments ranges from home remedies and can go upto an extent where surgery might be needed.

Some of the varicose veins treatments are:

Compression Stockings: This particular varicose veins treatment is something we can buy in most pharmacies and is used to deal with a mild case of varicose veins. Compression stockings are used to help your leg muscles push the blood upward by providing upward compression for the blood and veins providing the strongest support at the ankles and gradually decreasing as it goes upward.

Varicose Veins Treatments

Over-The-Counter Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: These drugs are a fast forward way to get some relief from the ache and pain. Anti-inflammatory drugs are effective varicose veins treatments. Drugs like ibuprofen and aspirin provide relief with regard to the pain.

Medical Procedures: In some cases, varicose veins may need to be removed if the complications are extreme. There are several methods which come under varicose veins treatments.

Some of them are:

  • Laser treatment: Laser treatment has proven to be an effective method under varicose veins treatment. In this method, the laser is directly pointed to the varicose vein and made to disappear. It is one of the quick varicose veins treatments.
  • Sclerotherapy: In this method of varicose vein treatments, a chemical is injected into the vein so that the walls of the vein collapse and it’s unable to transport blood.
  • Surgical Removal or Stripping: The particular condition of varicose veins is often not taken seriously by most people even though for some, it may be visually scary. Not everyday we see our veins get so visible and in a dark purple shade, right? It is necessary to check up with a doctor and as a precaution to get the varicose veins treatment.

About the Hospital:  

Sri Sri Holistic Hospital is a leading 100 bedded Multi Specialty Hospital in Nizampet, Kukatpally, Hyderabad. Sri Sri Holistic Hospital provides high standards of healthcare with a combination of Advanced Technology and state of art clinical expertise. With more than 52 Internationally Experienced Doctors and 400+ staff, we served at least 50,000 patients so far.