CPR – Simple measures and steps to save a life!

“Take some time to learn first aid and CPR. It saves lives and it works efficiently”.

What if we said you could save a life? No, you don’t have to be a doctor to do that.

It’s only a matter of seconds before someone could lose their life; when their blood flow stops or when they stop breathing.  If that happens, death is imminent in most cases, but even if they do survive, the repercussions could lead to brain haemorrhage or to some long term physical or mental condition to say the least. 

If there was to be such a scenario, one could always try to save a life with Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or otherwise known as CPR. This technique is an emergency procedure which when performed helps maintains circulation and breathing until better forms of emergency services arrive at the scene.  CPR could be learnt easily through plenty of certified first aid training courses. 

For one thing that is strange is that plenty of people are trained for conducting CPR in emergency situations, so by some logic we could believe that at least one among the many bystanders present in case a life needs CPR, many people including trained professional refrain from using it for multiple reasons. Saving a life in anyway should always be a priority for people.

In a scenario where a person is in need of CPR, always follow the below steps first:

First check whether the person is conscious. If not then make sure you make contact by touching or talking, mainly to check a response

If in a total unconscious state, begin the CPR immediately even before you make the call for emergency services.  In fact, only call them if there’s still no response after five attempts. 

The essentials of CPR

CAB or Compressions, Airway and Breathing represent the main pillars of CPR. 

Compressions – First make sure the person in need is on their back on a flat surface. Next up, kneel near the torso and begin forcibly pumping the person’s chest. Before doing so ensure to place your hands, palm side down, on the centre of the chest, then place the other hand on top of the first one, elbows straight and lean directly over the person and press using your own body weight for more power, but not to push beyond two inches. Repeat this for about 100-120 pushes in each minute.  Chest compressions stimulate the heart and blood starts to pump in the body again due to the pressure rising from the pressings. 

Airway and breathing: 

The second step is airway and breathing. Before you start, careful observations on if the person’s breathing has resumed back to normalcy after the initial compression method is essential. Listening to their chest and mouth will give you information on this. Lift the person’s chin after tilting their head back slightly which will create a seal that allows air one way.  Next is to give two large breaths of 1 second each into their mouth and be gentle. 

If the person is still in an unconscious state, then repeat the entire CPR process for about five times within two minutes. 

Things to remember- 

People who do not know CPR should stick to only the compression method and not try using the Airway and breathing method.  Also when doing the breathing method, endure the breaths given are gentle and not deep. CPR does have its own risks, for instance, pressing against the chest may cause injuries to the area. So be gentle in whatever or however you do it. The key is to look for a reaction, any reaction. 

Questions you need to ask your CPR tutor or doctor.

  1. During which scenarios a CPR is given to someone?

  2. Do they have different kind of CPR for adults, teens and babies?

About the Hospital:

Sri Sri Holistic Hospital is a leading 100 bedded multi specialty hospital in Nizampet, Kukatpally, Hyderabad. Sri Sri Holistic Hospital provides high standards of healthcare with a combination of advanced technology and state of art clinical expertise. With more than 52 Internationally experienced doctors and 400+ staff, we served at least 50,000 patients so far.